Ghana is an aspiring middle income country (MIC), which continues to face challenges in delivering basic social services and in building institutional capacity.
The EU is Ghana's most important trading partner and its largest export market (€3.75 billion in 2015).
The EU's cooperation with Ghana is being adapted to the specific needs of an aspiring MIC. Our development cooperation focuses on 4 priority areas:
- climage change/resilience
- private sector development
Gender equality remains a transversal priority. Our aim is to help Ghana implement an achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
We also aim to pursue a strong, long-term partnership with Ghana and promote its role as a beacon of stability in the West African region.
In coordination with other development partners and EU countries involved in joint programming, we hope to:
- improve public sector management
- improve the rule of law and accountability
- increase the ability of public, civil society organisations and the media to hold the government to account
The 11th EDF National Indicating Progamme has allocated €325 million to Ghana for the 2014-2020 funding period. The 3 focal sectors are:
- Governance: Public sector management and accountability (€75 million), where we aim to promote good governance, the rule of law and accountability.
- Productive investment for agriculture in the Savannah Ecological Zones (€160 million), where we aim to help generate sustainable agriculture wealth in selected growth areas by improving access to water, storage, markets, energy and agribusiness opportunities. We also aim to enhance Ghana's climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.
- Employment and social protection (€75 million), where we aim to create decent employment opportunities for vulnerable population groups (youth, women and minority groups) and enhance social protection services.
Almost all West African regional programmes directly or indirectly benefit Ghana. Some of the larger 11th EDF regional programmes include:
- Support to Regional Economic Integration and Trade
- Support to the West African Power Pool #
- Private Sector Competitiveness Support Programme.
Support is also provided to the IMF's regional technical assistance centre for economic governance (AFRITAC West II) in Accra.