Guinea is a middle-sized West African country and it ranks amongst its poorest. It is one of the major countries of origin of migration, exacerbated by the long political instability of the country, weak development of the labour market and weak governance in general.
Guinea has unexploited economic potential with important mineral, hydropower and agricultural resources.
The EU’s development priorities in Guinea are:
- the reinforcement of democratic governance and the rule of law
- supporting administration in providing an effective health system
- creation of job opportunities
- actions on urban sanitation and waste management
- support to the energy sector
EU-Guinea cooperation was suspended because of the suspension of aid under Art 96 of the Cotonou agreement and because of the Ebola crisis, which paralysed the country during the period 2013-16. Cooperation has now resumed.
The 11th European Development Fund National Indicative Programme allocated €244 million for the 2015-2020 funding period. The 3 focal sectors are:
Consolidation of the Rule of Law – to enhance security, access to independent justice and support the development of a modern administration to ensure sound and transparent governance.
Urban sanitation – to contribute to the development of an urban policy that includes the development of infrastructure and sanitation. Waste management is an important component. Inclusion of access to energy is being explored.
Health – improved access to essential care of good quality, governed by public services.
The EU, the lead donor in the road transport sector for many years, also foresees to define and support an exit strategy in this sector.
The implementation of 11th EDF has started slowly due to the late commitment of the 10th EDF. Absorption capacities remain an area of particular concern.