Uganda is a landlocked country that has recently achieved considerable progress towards reducing the share of the population living in poverty. Nevertheless, it is still among the world’s group of Least Developed Countries. Through its development cooperation, the EU stands by Uganda to help address its key challenges, such as: consolidating democracy; removing gender, regional and other inequalities; extending the protection of basic human, social and economic rights to all Ugandans; and removing barriers to sustainable economic growth.
The EU's priorities in Uganda are the following:
- Supporting Uganda's immediate stability by helping it to deal with the pressures arising on the one hand from the still fragile Northern regions of the country, and on the other hand from the huge number of refugees it is hosting under a generous refugee policy, thereby reducing migratory pressures on Europe.
- Strengthening Uganda's long-term stability by enhancing the capacity of the State to deliver good governance, democracy and rule of law including developing anti-corruption policies, promoting dialogue on human rights and encouraging planning and mobilisation of domestic resources.
- Building a viable future for Uganda's youth by supporting job creation, by promoting action along the 3 pillars of the European External Investment Plan (EIP) and by encouraging regional economic integration and enhanced trade and investment relations with Europe, striving for a level playing field for European businesses and engaging in economic diplomacy;
- Supporting the steps forward taken by Uganda in its transformation to a clean and competitive low-carbon economy.
An amount of €578 million is foreseen for the 2014-2020 period under the National Indicative Programme of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF). The main focus is on:
- Transport infrastructure: by supporting the national transport system, an efficient multimodal transport network and by ensuring the necessary regulatory framework.
- Food security and agriculture: through the promotion of resilience in fragile regions, value chains and green economy.
- Good governance: by strengthening the financial, democratic and social accountability of the state with particular emphasis on sound Public Financial Management.
Support measures are foreseen for capacity strengthening of civil society organisations and improved cooperation between government and civil society. Another envelope is foreseen to enhance the efficient management of EU funds under the 11th EDF including capacity building and trainings, and support to the National Authorising Officer.
Furthermore, Uganda is a beneficiary of actions under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, in particular related to providing assistance to refugees and displaced persons, as well as supporting host communities through sustainable development and employment opportunities.
Additional support to Uganda is channelled through other EU initiatives, in particular the Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, the Global Public Goods and Challenges Programme, the Global Climate Change Alliance, and the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace. Uganda is the 9th most successful African country in the 7th EU Research Framework programme and in Erasmus Mundus.