Skip to main content
International Partnerships

Growing the Great Green Wall

The Great Green Wall seeks to re-green Africa from Senegal to Somalia. It is about building a mosaic of green and productive landscapes that improve people’s livelihoods and foster environmental sustainability.

Key info

Location: 11 countries are officially part of the Pan-African Agency of the Great Green Wall (PAGGW): Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan and Chad), while 7 other Sub-Saharan African countries are associated (Cameroon, Ghana, Benin, Cape Verde, The Gambia, South Sudan and Somalia). The total of partner countries with which the EU collaborates is 18.

Duration: 2021–2025

Budget: €17 700 000 000


Africa’s Sahel and Horn of Africa regions are disproportionality facing the consequences of climate change while simultaneously experiencing heightened levels of insecurity. As a result, local communities face more persistent droughts, a lack of food, increased conflict over dwindling natural resources and mass migration. The Great Green Wall initiative provides the necessary momentum to tackle the threat of desertification and the degradation of natural ecosystems, while providing alternative livelihood opportunities for local communities.

The specific objectives of the Great Green Wall are

  • restoring 100 million hectares of degraded land
  • creating 10 million jobs
  • sequestering 250 million tons of carbon
  • improving food security for 20 million people
  • supporting the millions of people living in communities across the Sahel
  • providing access for 10 million smallholder farmers to agricultural technologies resilient to climate change

Broadly speaking, the goal of the EU is to enable community-based sustainable development that provides stability, security and resilience in the region.


The EU supports the Great Green Wall mainly through 18 country-specific programmes. In addition, a number of regional programmes contribute towards the goals of the GGW.

Supporting programmes can operate in the fields of, for example, food security, climate change and biodiversity loss, sustainable agri-food systems, addressing desertification or sustainable energy.

Where possible, the EU seeks to deploy an integrated approach to sustainable land management, which combines rural agricultural development with biodiversity conservation, sustainable use and climate action.

The Global Gateway stands for sustainable and trusted connections that work for people and the planet.