Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean. It is located in the hurricane belt and frequently suffers severe weather events. Cuba has been a member of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group since 2000, despite not being a signatory of the Cotonou Agreement. The country is immersed in a process of reforms, as outlined in the Lineamientos, the Cuban government's economic and social policy guidelines.
The EU-Cuba 2021-2027 Multiannual Indicative Programme (MIP) is firmly anchored in the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement which constitutes the basis for the Union’s engagement with Cuba.
The main priorities of the MIP take into consideration global, regional and local challenges, the current relevance level of ongoing cooperation, the EU strategy and the added value in contributing to Cuba’s National Development Plan. It also reflects possible global and regional socio-economic and ecological scenarios over the next seven years. The EU’s priority areas with Cuba that will receive financial support from the MIP are the following:
We support the creation of sustainable municipalities. The main global challenge for every country over the next decade and beyond is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to avoid imminent global warming of more than 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels and the unprecedented consequences that would bring. In line with the Cuban State Policy of 2100 'Tarea Vida', the Cuban Government will identify municipalities representing the diverse socioeconomic conditions in the country, to advance the process of decentralisation based on the pioneering EU-Cuba cooperation project.
Modernising the economy
Our goal for Cuba is to maximise the potential of all economic factors in key sectors. The Cuban economy is undergoing a process of modernisation as foreseen in the economic and social policy guidelines of the Communist Party of 201 and the PNDES 2030. This priority area shall have a national dimension to promote all economic actors, both state-owned and private while aiming at socio-economic equity. It will focus on the exchange of experiences, building on the current EU experts’ exchange programme. Towards that aim, it will count on the contributions of the EU and other experts and officials in related key policy areas.
The Multiannual Indicative Programme (MIP) for Cuba for 2021-2024 amounts to €91 million.
Priority area 1: ‘Ecological transition’ contributes to gradually achieving sustainable and resilient food production, including deforestation-free supply chains while progressively achieving energy self-sufficiency with renewable energy sources and supporting equitable access and rational use of drinking water, sanitation and solid waste management, linking it to the circular economy. Moreover, it aids the development of participatory decentralised management, promotes the leadership of local governments, an emphasis on the inclusion of non-state actors, women and young people, and the use of adequate digital means.
Priority area 2: ‘Modernisation of the economy’ maximises the potential of all economic actors in key sectors. It promotes the development of all economic factors, primarily in key areas where Cuba has economic potential, such as agroecology, renewable energy production and storage as well as creative industries and biotechnology. It also supports measures to increase the tax revenue rate and further develop the principles of fair taxation and seeks the development, production and national and global distribution, through multilateral mechanisms, of safe and effective vaccines, and diagnostic and therapeutic products.
Support measures in favour of civil society are essential to boost the inclusive participatory development process and will be promoted under each priority area. Over the last decade, the EU has supported actions implemented by a number of Cuban and EU civil society organisations, particularly in the fields of human development and social inclusion.