Mali is a large, geographically landlocked country in West Africa. It has one of the least advanced and developed economies, which remains largely informal. The economy is mainly dependent on exports such as gold and cotton; it also remains vulnerable to external economic shocks.
The recent political and security crisis has had a negative effect on the economy and the main challenge in Mali is the lack of governance. The EU is heavily involved in the peace process in Mali and is an active member in the mediation.
EU support to Mali has continued even during the crisis period. In 2012, the EU increased its support for Mali in order to maintain the stability of the State and to provide direct assistance to Malians.
Our development cooperation focuses on the following priorities:
- climate change/resilience
- economic growth/job creation
- gender inequality
Migration is a strategic priority of our action in Mali. Three key objectives are being pursued:
- improving coordination and identification, return and readmission processes
- preventing irregular migration and addressing migrant smuggling
- addressing root causes of irregular migration
The 11th European Development Fund (EDF) National Indicative Programme (NIP) allocated €665 million for the 2014-2020 funding period. The focal sectors are:
Peace consolidation and State reform – aiming to reinforce the general governance of the country, the credibility of its institutions and the way the state is traditionally run.
Food security and rural development – aiming to promote the country's potential in agriculture and reinforcing governance of the sector.
Education – improving primary education and access to a quality education.
Infrastructure – through the construction of the road between Gao and Kidal regions, contributing to the national reconciliation by bridging the gap between the North of the South of the country and by creating significant job opportunities.
The total envelope foreseen by European actors to support Mali’s long-term development and stabilisation amounts to €2 billion.