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International Partnerships

Wherever nuclear energy is produced, it must be produced in a safe and secure way – including the safe disposal of radioactive waste and the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. Failure to meet these requirements can lead to contamination impacting vast areas, affecting the lives and health of entire populations. The EU external assistance programme called the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC), supports the improvement of nuclear safety around the world.

The EU ensures a high level of nuclear safety in all 28 member states. The accidents in Chernobyl (1986) and Fukushima (2011) were reminders of the crucial importance of this policy.

As a result of its lengthy experience in the field, the EU is well positioned to engage in international cooperation to ensure that nuclear activities are conducted in line with the highest standards of safety.

Through the INSC, we cooperate with the Eastern European Neighbourhood and Central Asia region, Southern European Neighbourhood and Middle East, and we are expanding the nuclear safety cooperation to countries in Latin America, Asia and South-East Asia.

The INSC also supports joint projects with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and contributes towards completion of the Chernobyl projects through the Chernobyl Funds managed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The EU is the largest donor of these funds devoted to the completion of vital work at Chernobyl.

Stacey Vickers

To create the conditions of safety necessary in order to eliminate hazards to the life and health of the public, the Community should be able to support nuclear safety in third countries.
The Council of the European Union

Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation 2014-2020

The objectives of the INSC for 2014-2020 are:

  • The promotion of an effective nuclear safety culture and the implementation of the highest nuclear safety and radiation protection standards, and the continuous improvement of nuclear safety.
  • Responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, the decommissioning and remediation of former nuclear sites and installations.
  • The establishment of frameworks and methodologies for the application of efficient and effective safeguards for nuclear material in third countries.
  • Support measures.

Related documents

INSC Strategy for a Community Cooperation Programme in the field of Nuclear Safety 2014-2020
(252.05 KB - PDF)
INSC Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2014-2017
(435.04 KB - PDF)
Commission Implementing Decision of 2019 on the Annual Action Programme 2019 for Nuclear Safety Cooperation to Be Financed From the General Budget of the Union
(152.75 KB - PDF)
Action Document for Promotion of nuclear safety culture - 2019
(437.51 KB - PDF)
Action Document for Global allocation including support measures 2019 for the INSC management.
(453.89 KB - PDF)
Action Document for Safe management of spent fuel and radioactive wastes - 2019
(638.67 KB - PDF)