Located on the western shores of Southern Africa, Namibia is a country largely made of deserts and not densily populated. Since its independence in 1990, the country enjoys peace and political stability and has became an upper middle income country in 2009.
Despite progress made towards the achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs), notably in terms of access to water and school enrolment, the country still faces development challenges related to widespread poverty, severe income inequality, high unemployment, low qualification, and vulnerability to climate change and HIV/AIDS pandemics.
The country’s economy is based on mining (mostly uranium and diamonds), fisheries, tourism, and beef. However, to address its structural vulnerabilities and problem of jobless growth, Namibia needs to develop value-adding economic activities to complement its extractive industries. Moreover, the water and energy sectors are also bottlenecks for the Namibian economy.
The EU’s cooperation efforts in Namibia support the country’s prosperity and stability and currently focus on 2 priority areas:
- Agriculture – We help Namibia to sustainably create more wealth from its agriculture, notably in the livestock sector, to create growth while also addressing issues of poverty and unemployment. We also help the country better link its rural primary producers to markets, by helping them adapt to climate change and enhancing the business environment for rural entrepreneurs.
- Education and skills – Namibia needs better qualified workers to meet its needs to develop value-adding economic activities that will create new jobs.
Additionally, we continue to support social peace and institutional capacity building, by supporting civil society organisations and promoting good governance, better public finance management, enhanced policy dialogue etc.
Our national indicative programme (NIP) under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) for the period 2014-2020 for Namibia is in line with the country’s national development plan and is implemented via budget support and a programme approach. It focuses on education and skills, and agriculture.
Since Namibia is part of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), it is also part of the EU-SADC economic partnership agreement.
Namibia also benefits from regional cooperation schemes in fields like natural resources management, wildlife conservation, private sector development, industrial modernisation, trade etc.
Namibia benefits from thematic budget lines, notably regarding support to social protection systems, support to civil society organisations, water resources management, and migration, via instruments like the EU social protection systems programme, the Development cooperation instrument (DCI), the European instrument for democracy and human rights (EIDHR) or the ACP-EU migration action.